Home > Concrete & Tarmac > Coping With Efflorescence On Concrete Driveways

Coping With Efflorescence On Concrete Driveways

By: Chris Hogan MSc - Updated: 6 Jun 2011 | comments*Discuss
Efflorescence Bloom Concrete Paving

Any form of concrete, from bricks to paving slabs, can suffer from efflorescence. This is discolouration, or bloom, caused by salt deposits on the material. Much to the annoyance of builders and homeowners alike, there are no silver bullets or guaranteed ways to prevent this blooming from happening. But there are some tips and tricks that can reduce its effect.

Primary And Secondary Efflorescence

Efflorescence doesn’t always need time to appear on paving as the chemical reaction that causes it can also take place in the manufacturing process. The slabs can therefore have the discolouration fresh out of the bag. This type of efflorescence is called primary efflorescence. Efflorescence that has occurred after the Paving Slabs Have Been Laid, cleaned and given time to settle in is known as secondary efflorescence.

It’s All About The Chemicals

Put simply, and without going into a whole bunch of chemical equations, concrete is made in part with limestone. This reacts in different ways, at different times, to water (from rain or the ground) and carbon dioxide in the air to create a salt deposit. This salt is deposited from the liquid seeping through the pores onto the surface of the paving. This process can take place no matter how expensive your materials, or how you put them together. It is a natural process and nature often wins through!

What Can Be Done?

As this is a chemical reaction there are chemicals that can be used to try to prevent efflorescence. One method is the use of a jollop, or a chemical sealant, which blocks the salt from getting through. Obviously, there are no guarantees as to exactly what the result will be, as with any chemical reaction, so be careful and test on a secluded area first.

As a further warning, this method can unfortunately lead to other problems, like totally re-colouring the concrete. Or it may block the escape of the salt from one place but the salt may find an alternative route out and form worse bloom elsewhere, even damaging the concrete itself.

Power washers are now cheap and easily available but care needs to be taken when using them. They will certainly remove a lot of the deposits, but they can also damage the top surface of a drive, particularly with Concrete Slabs. Anything that's even more abrasive, such as sand-blasting, is best left alone.

Let Nature Do Its Job (And Scrub If Needs Be)

As there is no absolute rule for how long the efflorescence will last (from days to years if you let it run its course), one realistic strategy is to simply let the concrete settle into its surrounding and go with the natural look that accompanies the bloom.

If the paving is in an area where there it is being walked on, driven across or even battered by the weather, the bloom will eventually be worn away by natural wear and tear. If this is not the case, it can be assisted in its wear and tear by scrubbing it each time it reappears.

You might also like...
Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice..
Why not be the first to leave a comment for discussion, ask for advice or share your story...

If you'd like to ask a question one of our experts (workload permitting) or a helpful reader hopefully can help you... We also love comments and interesting stories

(never shown)
(never shown)
(never shown)
(never shown)
Enter word:
Latest Comments
  • diddy
    Re: Gravel Driveways: Advantages and Disadvantages
    Have just had a loose gravel driveway laid and already finding it hugely inconvenient for wheeling anything…
    16 November 2017
  • Edd
    Re: Planning Permission for Driveways
    My house is not on the same level as the street, it is down from the road and path. I want to build a driveway, but if I…
    6 November 2017
  • Saxa
    Re: Resin Bound Driveway Surfacing
    Hi, had a resin bound drive layed last May, and we were very pleased with it until now. What we didn't know then was that…
    30 October 2017
  • Colin
    Re: Resin Bound Driveway Surfacing
    Hi. Can bound aggregate be laid on an established concrete drive which is damp or wet? My contractor says it can though the…
    20 October 2017
  • John
    Re: The Art of Laying Tarmac
    We had a new ditch dug earlier in the year which holds a new drain, gas, water and electricity pipework, which goes to a garage…
    17 October 2017
  • Helper
    Re: Resin Bound Driveway Surfacing
    @Safetyfirst Without going in to the drainage, planning and use of a flexible system details, as a manufacturer we would not…
    15 October 2017
  • Helper
    Re: Resin Bound Driveway Surfacing
    @Thomo5949 Resin bound or bonded surfaces are not suitable for this application. Whilst they can be installed directly onto a…
    15 October 2017
  • Helper
    Re: Resin Bound Driveway Surfacing
    @jock No this is not normal. Trowel marks are either the result of an unskilled installer, the over use of solvents to lubricate…
    15 October 2017
  • Ruth
    Re: Planning Permission for Driveways
    Hi I need advice. We want to pave our driveway. Our rainwater directed to border. Do we need any permission? Just one thing…
    11 October 2017
  • gilly
    Re: Patterned and Textured Concrete
    just looking to see how much for a new driveway.patterned concrete
    11 October 2017
Further Reading...
Our Most Popular...
Add to my Yahoo!
Add to Google
Stumble this
Add to Twitter
Add To Facebook
RSS feed
You should seek independent professional advice before acting upon any information on the DrivewayExpert website. Please read our Disclaimer.